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A: The UNZ.org website is intended to provide convenient access to a large quantity of high-quality content material, mostly published over the last 150 years in America and England, including both articles and books, encompassing over one million readable items and titles of another million items not readable due to copyright. Much of this material has never previously been available anywhere on the Internet and should be useful for researchers and intellectual historians.

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A: The inclusion of the copyright-excluded material allows users to examine a more nearly complete collection of a given author's writings, even if many of the particular items themselves are currently unavailable due to copyright. If necessary, many of these other items can often be accessed and read on other websites or content systems, especially in the case of extent publications. Furthermore, there is a chance that at some future point these publications will be released for reading on this website as well.

Q: The website seems very different than when I previously visited. What's the story?

A: The current Version 2.0 release of UNZ.org incorporates major design changes from the previous version, but nearly all of the same underlying printed content is still available. Given the relatively slight use of the previous links to external videos and webzines, these portions have been removed, thereby streamlining access to the printed materials which constitute the main value of the system. Another major change has been the widespread use of Javascript, rendering most of the pages "reactive" as you begin entering information.

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A: Most of the main pages of the website contain one or more "Reactive Clouds," with the names of various authors or publications. Javascript functions cause these Clouds to "react" and change the displayed information as you begin typing in the entry boxes. For example, as you enter the first few letters of an author's name on the Home page, the Clouds adjust to display only those authors whose names begin with those letters. Similar adjustments occur as you start typing in a particular decade or year, or if you select one of the drop-down settings or other filter. This allows you to quickly focus in on the individuals you are seeking based on your particular criteria.

At any point, the relative size of the names in a given Cloud indicates the volume of underlying content material associated with that name. Meanwhile, the color indicates what fraction of the content material is readable (for copyright reasons): bright blue indicates mostly readable, dark blue indicates partly readable, and black means mostly unreadable

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A: The main Articles and Books pages, as well as the Overview tabs for individual authors or publications, display a Listing of articles (or books) towards the bottom of the page. Like the Clouds, these Listings are "reactive" and automatically adjust as you being typing in any of the information in the various data entry fields---Title, Author, Publication, or Period, displaying only those items that match your selection.

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A: When you reach the pages associated with a given publication, you can examine the contents in a number of different ways, accessed via the different tabs. The default Overview tab gives you the Cloud of authors for that publication plus the Listing of individual articles, with both of these being "reactive" as you provide information in the Title, Author, or Period fields.

There are also several other tabs. The Tree tab displays a dynamic tree allowing the individual time periods, issues, and articles to be opened for greate detail. The Year Contents tab displays the tables of contents for all the issues of a given year, the Issues, Small Covers, and Large Covers tabs display those views of the contents for a given decade, and the All Years tab provides an overview of the entire archive of the periodical. In addition, the drop down field in the control bar may be used to explore the different periods. All these pages allow for convenient browsing of the contents of a given periodical and clicking on any of the individual links accessing more detailed information.

Q: How does Searching work?

A: As mentioned above, much of the exploration of the website contents is normally performed by browsing the various different pages or entering information into the various text fields and having the displayed information automatically adjust. Actual Searches are performed in a parallel manner, by entering the target information into the data fields and then pressing the Search button (or simply hitting Enter). The system then performs a Search across the selected Text, Title, Author, and other information and displays the findings in a new Search Results tab.

Searches may be performed on any of these individual pages, or on the Power Search page, which allows for more detailed Searches across all content material.
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Foreign Affairs Archives
By Francis Fukuyama
Title Author X Period Text
Type? Genre/Topic? Subtitles?
  • Foreign Affairs
    Total Archives: 80 Years, 335 Issues, 7,959 Articles, 69,189pp
  • Content Type
    Add to Clipboard
    Articles - All Years, Author:
    Francis Fukuyama
    Sort by
    1. Gorbachev and the Third World
      Foreign Affairs
      , Spring 1986, pp. 715-731
    2. [+]
      (9 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. Fundamentalisms and Society by Martin E. Marty and R. Scott Appleby
      2. The New Cold War? by Mark Juergensmeyer
      3. Encounters with the Contemporary Radical Right by Peter H. Merkl and Leonard Weinberg
      4. The Real World Order by Max Singer and Aaron Wildavsky
      5. Grasping the Democratic Peace by Bruce Russett
      6. Revolution and World Order by James David Armstrong
      7. Might and Right After the Cold War by Michael Cromartie
      8. War and Responsibility by John Hart Ely
      9. The Global Resurgence of Democracy by Larry Diamond and Marc F. Plattner
      Foreign Affairs
      , November 1993, pp. 155-158
    3. [+]
      (13 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. War and the Rise of the State by Bruce D. Porter
      2. Ideas and Foreign Policy by Judith Goldstein and Robert O. Keohane
      3. The Domestic Bases of Grand Strategy by Richard Rosecrance and Arthur A. Stein
      4. Double-Edged Diplomacy by Peter B. Evans, Harold K. Jacobson, a...
      5. Ethnonationalism: The Quest for Understanding by Walker Connor
      6. Nation Against State by Gidon Gottlieb
      7. Protecting the Dispossessed by Francis M. Deng
      8. Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict by Michael E. Brown
      9. Ultimate Security by Norman Myers
      10. We All Lost the Cold War by Richard Ned Lebow and Janice Gross Stein
      11. On Human Rights by Stephen Shute and Susan Hurley
      12. International Peacekeeping by Paul F. Diehl
      13. International Human Rights by Jack Donnelly
      Foreign Affairs
      , March 1994, pp. 139-143
    4. [+]
      (13 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. Borderlands: Nation and Empire by Scott L. Malcomson
      2. Blood and Belonging by Michael Ignatieff
      3. Beyond Machiavelli by Roger Fisher, Elizabeth Kopelman, and...
      4. Identity, Politics and Women by Valentine M. Moghadam
      5. Ecofeminism by Maria Mies and Vandana Shiva
      6. Justice and the Genesis of War by David A. Welch
      7. Security Without War by Michael H. Shuman and Hal Harvey
      8. Minorities at Risk by Ted Robert Gurr
      9. Beyond Charity by Gil Loescher
      10. International Migration Challenges in a New Era by Doris M. Meissner, Robert D. Hormats,...
      11. Perilous States by George E. Marcus
      12. Openness and Foreign Policy Reform in Communist States by Gerald Segal
      13. Fires Within by Peter C. Sederberg
      Foreign Affairs
      , May 1994, pp. 148-151
    5. [+]
      (10 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. Global Engagement by Janne E. Nolan
      2. Enforcing Restraint by Lori Fisler Damrosch
      3. The Two Faces of National Interest by W. David Clinton
      4. Liberal Leadership by Mark R. Brawley
      5. Religion: The Missing Dimension of Statecraft by Douglas Johnston and Cynthia Sampson
      6. Communism: The Vanished Specter by Richard Pipes
      7. Women as National Leaders by Michael A. Genovese
      8. Diplomacy, Force, and Leadership by Dan Caldwell and Timothy J. McKeown
      9. Ideas and Ideals by Linda B. Miller and Michael Joseph Smith
      10. A Multipolar Peace? by Charles W. Kegley, Jr. and Gregory A....
      Foreign Affairs
      , July 1994, pp. 158-161
    6. [+]
      (11 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. The Wages of Guilt by Ian Buruma
      2. Certain Trumpets by Garry Wills
      3. Thieves' World by Claire Sterling
      4. The Cold War: A History by Martin Walker
      5. Tribes by Joel Kotkin
      6. Genocide by George J. Andreopoulos
      7. Problems and Process by Rosalyn Higgins
      8. The Return of the Political by Chantal Mouffe
      9. A Future for Socialism by John E. Roemer
      10. The New Ideology of Imperialism by Frank Furedi
      11. The War Puzzle by John A. Vasquez
      Foreign Affairs
      , September 1994, pp. 141-144
    7. [+]
      (11 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. New French Thought by Mark Lilla
      2. The Handbook of Economic Sociology, Second Edition by Neil J. Smelser and Richard Swedberg
      3. Social Revolutions in the Modern World by Theda Skocpol
      4. The Vogue of Revolution in Poor Countries by Forrest D. Colburn
      5. Civil Wars: From L.A. to Bosnia by Hans Magnus Enzensberger
      6. Collective Security Beyond the Cold War by George W. Downs
      7. Commitment to Purpose by Richard L. Kugler
      8. Accounting for Fundamentalisms by Martin E. Marty and R. Scott Appleby
      9. The Costs of Living by Barry Schwartz
      10. A World Fit for People by Uner Kirdar and Leonard S. Silk
      11. A History of the World in the Twentieth Century by J.A.S. Grenville
      Foreign Affairs
      , November 1994, pp. 155-158
    8. [+]
      (11 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. Race and Culture: A World View by Thomas Sowell
      2. The Boundaries of Citizenship by Jeff Spinner
      3. Ethnic Politics by Milton J. Esman
      4. Nationalism, Ethnicity, and Identity by Russell F. Farnen
      5. The Balkanization of the West by Stjepan G. Mestrovic
      6. Charismatic Christianity as a Global Culture by Karla Poewe
      7. World Orders Old and New by Noam Chomsky
      8. The Social Legacy of Communism by James R. Millar and Sharon L. Wolchik
      9. The Twilight of Democracy by Patrick Kennon
      10. Surviving the Millennium by Hall Gardner
      11. Talking to the Enemy by G.R. Berridge
      Foreign Affairs
      , March 1995, pp. 142-145
    9. [+]
      (9 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. Utopia Lost by Rosemary Righter
      2. The Deadly Sin of Terrorism by David A. Charters
      3. The Vulnerability of Empire by Charles A. Kupchan
      4. Wilsonian Idealism in America by David Steigerwald
      5. Thick and Thin by Michael Walzer
      6. Peripheral Visions by Theodore G. Hopf
      7. Democracy and American Foreign Policy by Robert Strausz-Hupe
      8. Referendums Around the World by David Butler and Austin Ranney
      9. U.S. Intervention Policy for the Post Cold War World by Arnold Kanter and Linton F. Brooks
      Foreign Affairs
      , May 1995, pp. 165-167
    10. [+]
      (10 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. The Age of Extremes by Eric Hobsbawm
      2. The Lucifer Principle by Howard K. Bloom
      3. Quiet Cataclysm by John Mueller
      4. Human Rights Watch World Report 1995
      5. The Great Powers and Global Struggle, 1490-1990 by Karen A. Rasler and William R. Thompson
      6. The Sovereign State and Its Competitors by Hendrik Spruyt
      7. Towards a Global Village by Michael Shuman
      8. Nationalism and Nationalities in the New Europe by Charles A. Kupchan
      9. One for All by Russell Hardin
      10. United Nations Legal Order by Oscar Schachter and Christopher C. Jo...
      Foreign Affairs
      , July 1995, pp. 130-133
    11. [+]
      (9 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. Media and Revolution by Jeremy D. Popkin
      2. Beyond Westphalia? by Gene M. Lyons and Michael Mastanduno
      3. Decline of the Nation-State by Gurutz Jauregui Bereciartu
      4. Ethics and International Affairs by Joel H. Rosenthal
      5. Edmund Burke and International Relations by Jennifer M. Welsh
      6. The United Nations and Civil Wars by Thomas G. Weiss
      7. International Organizations and Civil Wars by Hilaire McCoubrey and Nigel D. White
      8. The Charter of the United Nations by Bruno Simma
      9. An Ethic for Enemies by Donald W. Shriver, Jr.
      Foreign Affairs
      , September 1995, pp. 160-162
    12. [+]
      (10 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. After Liberalism by Immanuel Wallerstein
      2. Enlightenment's Wake by John Gray
      3. Visions and Revisions by Marcus G. Raskin
      4. On the Eve of the Millennium by Conor Cruise O'Brien
      5. Elusive Peace by I. William Zartman
      6. Liberalism and Community by Steven Kautz
      7. Render Unto Caesar by Sabrina Petra Ramet and Donald W. Tre...
      8. Controlling Immigration by Wayne A. Cornelius, Philip L. Martin,...
      9. Trust by Francis Fukuyama
      10. The Perils of Anarchy by Michael E. Brown, Sean M. Lynn-Jones,...
      Foreign Affairs
      , March 1996, pp. 140-143
    13. [+]
      (9 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. The Ultimate Crime by Linda Melvern
      2. Banal Nationalism by Mick Billig
      3. International News and Foreign Correspondents by Stephen Hess
      4. From Massacres to Genocide by Robert I. Rotberg and Thomas G. Weiss
      5. Rights Across Borders by David Jacobson
      6. The War Against Authority by Nicholas N. Kittrie
      7. Fairness in International Law and Institutions by Thomas M. Franck
      8. Revolution and War by Stephen M. Walt
      9. Enduring Western Civilization by Silvia Federici
      Foreign Affairs
      , May 1996, pp. 133-135
    14. [+]
      (8 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. Democracy and the Global Order by David Held
      2. What Was Socialism, and What Comes Next? by Katherine Verdery
      3. Bringing Transnational Relations Back in by Thomas Risse-Kappen
      4. Hidden Order by John H. Holland
      5. Nationalism and Rationality by Albert Breton, Gianluigi Galeotti, Pi...
      6. Crucible of Beliefs by Dan Reiter
      7. Crisis Bargaining and the State by Susan Peterson
      8. Nations Without States by James Minahan
      Foreign Affairs
      , July 1996, pp. 136-138
    15. [+]
      (10 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. Preventing Violent Conflicts by Michael S. Lund
      2. Democracy's Place by Ian Shapiro
      3. Radical Democracy by C. Douglas Lummis
      4. Beyond Progress by Hugh De Santis
      5. On the Causes of War by Hidemi Suganami
      6. Coping with Conflict After the Cold War by Edward A. Kolodziej and Roger E. Kanet
      7. The International Dimensions of Internal Conflict by Michael E. Brown
      8. Challenging Boundaries by Michael J. Shapiro and Hayward R. Alker
      9. The New Interventionism, 1991-1994 by James Mayall
      10. The Art of Bargaining by Richard Ned Lebow
      Foreign Affairs
      , September 1996, pp. 134-137
    16. [+]
      (9 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. Debating the Democratic Peace by Michael E. Brown, Sean M. Lynn-Jones,...
      2. Against Capitalism by David Schweickart
      3. Hatreds by Zillah R. Eisenstein
      4. The News Media, Civil War, and Humanitarian Action by Larry Minear, Colin Scott, and Thomas...
      5. The Prosecution of International Crimes by Roger S. Clark and Madeleine Sann
      6. Beyond Confrontation by Charles Hauss
      7. Power Sharing and International Mediation in Ethnic Conflicts by Timothy D. Sisk
      8. Postwar Politics in the G-7 by Byron E. Shafer
      9. Genocide, War, and Human Survival by Charles B. Strozier and Michael Flynn
      Foreign Affairs
      , November 1996, pp. 144-146
    17. [+]
      (9 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. For Love of Country? by Martha C. Nussbaum and Joshua Cohen
      2. Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation by Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan
      3. National Character by Alex Inkeles
      4. Fins de Siecle by Asa Briggs and Daniel Snowman
      5. Modernity and the State: East, West by Claus Offe
      6. Managing Global Chaos by Chester A. Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson...
      7. Mapping the Nation by Gopal Balakrishnan
      8. Becoming National by Geoff Eley and Ronald Grigor Suny
      9. Rediscoveries and Reformulations by Hayward R. Alker
      Foreign Affairs
      , March 1997, pp. 173-175
    18. [+]
      (7 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. The Dictionary of Global Culture by Kwame Anthony Appiah and Henry Louis ...
      2. We Are All Multiculturalists Now by Nathan Glazer
      3. The New Golden Rule by Amitai Etzioni
      4. The Culture of National Security by Peter J. Katzenstein
      5. Growing Artificial Societies by Joshua M. Epstein and Robert L. Axtell
      6. The International Dimensions of Democratization by Laurence Whitehead
      7. Modernization and Postmodernization by Ronald Inglehart
      Foreign Affairs
      , May 1997, pp. 122-124
    19. [+]
      (5 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. Roots of Realism by Benjamin Frankel
      2. Realism: Restatements and Renewal by Benjamin Frankel
      3. The Internal Management of United Nations Organizations by Yves Beigbeder
      4. Democracy and Race in Brazil, Britain, and the United States by Walton L. Brown
      5. Requiem for Modern Politics by William Ophuls
      Foreign Affairs
      , July 1997, p. 147
    20. [+]
      (8 Reviews)
      Political and Legal
      1. Ways of War and Peace by Michael W. Doyle
      2. Power Kills by R.J. Rummel
      3. Cosmopolis by Danilo Zolo
      4. Cultural Internationalism and World Order by Akira Iriye
      5. Not for America Alone by George J. Mitchell
      6. Political Science Fiction by Donald M. Hassler and Clyde Wilcox
      7. The Legitimization of Violence by David E. Apter
      8. Autonomy by Ruth E. Lapidoth
      Foreign Affairs
      , November 1997, pp. 151-153