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A: The UNZ.org website is intended to provide convenient access to a large quantity of high-quality content material, mostly published over the last 150 years in America and England, including both articles and books, encompassing over one million readable items and titles of another million items not readable due to copyright. Much of this material has never previously been available anywhere on the Internet and should be useful for researchers and intellectual historians.

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A: The inclusion of the copyright-excluded material allows users to examine a more nearly complete collection of a given author's writings, even if many of the particular items themselves are currently unavailable due to copyright. If necessary, many of these other items can often be accessed and read on other websites or content systems, especially in the case of extent publications. Furthermore, there is a chance that at some future point these publications will be released for reading on this website as well.

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A: The current Version 2.0 release of UNZ.org incorporates major design changes from the previous version, but nearly all of the same underlying printed content is still available. Given the relatively slight use of the previous links to external videos and webzines, these portions have been removed, thereby streamlining access to the printed materials which constitute the main value of the system. Another major change has been the widespread use of Javascript, rendering most of the pages "reactive" as you begin entering information.

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A: Most of the main pages of the website contain one or more "Reactive Clouds," with the names of various authors or publications. Javascript functions cause these Clouds to "react" and change the displayed information as you begin typing in the entry boxes. For example, as you enter the first few letters of an author's name on the Home page, the Clouds adjust to display only those authors whose names begin with those letters. Similar adjustments occur as you start typing in a particular decade or year, or if you select one of the drop-down settings or other filter. This allows you to quickly focus in on the individuals you are seeking based on your particular criteria.

At any point, the relative size of the names in a given Cloud indicates the volume of underlying content material associated with that name. Meanwhile, the color indicates what fraction of the content material is readable (for copyright reasons): bright blue indicates mostly readable, dark blue indicates partly readable, and black means mostly unreadable

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A: The main Articles and Books pages, as well as the Overview tabs for individual authors or publications, display a Listing of articles (or books) towards the bottom of the page. Like the Clouds, these Listings are "reactive" and automatically adjust as you being typing in any of the information in the various data entry fields---Title, Author, Publication, or Period, displaying only those items that match your selection.

Q: What about the individual publications?

A: When you reach the pages associated with a given publication, you can examine the contents in a number of different ways, accessed via the different tabs. The default Overview tab gives you the Cloud of authors for that publication plus the Listing of individual articles, with both of these being "reactive" as you provide information in the Title, Author, or Period fields.

There are also several other tabs. The Tree tab displays a dynamic tree allowing the individual time periods, issues, and articles to be opened for greate detail. The Year Contents tab displays the tables of contents for all the issues of a given year, the Issues, Small Covers, and Large Covers tabs display those views of the contents for a given decade, and the All Years tab provides an overview of the entire archive of the periodical. In addition, the drop down field in the control bar may be used to explore the different periods. All these pages allow for convenient browsing of the contents of a given periodical and clicking on any of the individual links accessing more detailed information.

Q: How does Searching work?

A: As mentioned above, much of the exploration of the website contents is normally performed by browsing the various different pages or entering information into the various text fields and having the displayed information automatically adjust. Actual Searches are performed in a parallel manner, by entering the target information into the data fields and then pressing the Search button (or simply hitting Enter). The system then performs a Search across the selected Text, Title, Author, and other information and displays the findings in a new Search Results tab.

Searches may be performed on any of these individual pages, or on the Power Search page, which allows for more detailed Searches across all content material.
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Foreign Affairs Archives
By Robert Legvold
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Title Author X Period Text
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Type? Genre/Topic? Subtitles?
  • Foreign Affairs
    Total Archives: 80 Years, 335 Issues, 7,959 Articles, 69,189pp
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    Articles - All Years, Author:
    Robert Legvold
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    1. The Super Rivals: Conflict in the Third World
      Foreign Affairs
      , Spring 1979, pp. 755-778
    2. The Nature of Soviet Power
      Foreign Affairs
      , October 1977, pp. 49-71
    3. [+]
      (14 Reviews)
      The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe
      1. The Future Belongs to Freedom by Eduard Shevardnadze
      2. Nationalism and Policy Toward the Nationalities in the Soviet Union by Gerhard Simon
      3. The Collapse of State Socialism by Bartlomiej Kaminski
      4. The Rise of Nations in the Soviet Union by Michael Mandelbaum
      5. Eastern Europe in the Postwar World by Thomas W. Simons, Jr.
      6. The Socialist Economies in Transition by Robert W. Campbell
      7. Stalin: Triumph and Tragedy by Dmitri Volkogonov
      8. Soviet-American Relations After the Cold War by Robert Jervis and Seweryn Bialer
      9. Restructuring the Soviet Economy by Nicolas Spulber
      10. Five Years that Shook the World by Harley D. Balzer
      11. Gorbachev's Retreat by Melvin A. Goodman
      12. The USSR and Marxist Revolutions in the Third World by Mark N. Katz
      13. Yugoslav-American Economic Relations Since World War II by John R. Lampe, Russell O. Prickett, a...
      14. Unquiet Days by Thomas R. Swick
      Foreign Affairs
      , Winter 1991, pp. 197-200
    4. [+]
      (17 Reviews)
      The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe
      1. Stalin: Breaker of Nations by Robert Conquest
      2. Katyn by Allen Paul
      3. For a New Russia by Anatoly Sobchak
      4. The August Coup by Mikhail Gorbachev
      5. What Went Wrong with Perestroika by Marshall I. Goldman
      6. The Accidental Proletariat by Walter D. Connor
      7. Rebuilding Russia by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
      8. The Turn: From the Cold War to a New Era by Don Oberdorfer
      9. Romania: The Entangled Revolution by Nestor Ratesh
      10. Twilight of Empire by Robert Cullen
      11. After the Fall by Jeffrey C. Goldfarb
      12. East Central Europe from Reform to Transformation by Judy Batt
      13. Remaking the Balkans by Christopher Cviic
      14. The Great Challenge by Helene Carrere d'Encausse
      15. Russia Beyond Communism by Vladislav Krasnov
      16. La Reconciliation Sovieto-Yougoslave, 1954-1958 by Pierre Maurer
      17. How We Survived Communism and Even Laughed by Slavenka Drakulic
      Foreign Affairs
      , Spring 1992, pp. 205-207
    5. [+]
      (10 Reviews)
      Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Republics
      1. Boris Yeltsin by John Morrison
      2. Nationalism and Empire by Richard L. Rudolph and David F. Good
      3. Reaching Out to Moscow by Marshall Brement
      4. The Communists by Adam B. Ulam
      5. The Establishment of Communist Rule in Poland, 1943-1948 by Krystyna Kersten
      6. Eastern Europe in Revolution by Ivo Banac
      7. Reinventing Politics by Vladimir Tismaneanu
      8. The Patriots' Revolution by Mark Frankland
      9. The Radiant Past by Michael Burawoy and Janos Lukacs
      10. Military Occupation and Diplomacy by Sergiu Verona
      Foreign Affairs
      , Summer 1992, pp. 177-179
    6. [+]
      (11 Reviews)
      Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Republics
      1. Boris Yeltsin by Vladimir Solovyov and Elena Klepikova
      2. Dilemmas of Transition in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe by George W. Breslauer
      3. Burying Lenin by Steven Kull
      4. Red Odyssey by Marat Akchurin
      5. Living in Freedom by Mark Sommer
      6. Energy and the Soviet Bloc by William M. Reisinger
      7. Soviet Intervention in Czechoslovakia, 1968 by Jiri Valenta
      8. Moscow and the Global Left in the Gorbachev Era by Joan Barth Urban
      9. The Unplanned Society by Janine R. Wedel
      10. New World Disorder by Ken Jowitt
      11. Retreat from the Finland Station by Kenneth Murphy
      Foreign Affairs
      , Fall 1992, pp. 210-212
    7. [+]
      (10 Reviews)
      Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Republics
      1. Shock Waves by John Feffer
      2. Russia Transformed by James H. Billington
      3. The System by Georgi Arbatov
      4. The Bloody Flag by Juliana G. Pilon
      5. Why Gorbachev Happened by Robert G. Kaiser
      6. Faulty Foundations by Holland Hunter and Janusz M. Szyrmer
      7. Hungary by Nigel Swain
      8. The Hidden Hand by Jeffrey Gedmin
      9. The Sons of Sergei by Donald R. Kelley and Shannon G. Davis
      10. From Union to Commonwealth by Gail W. Lapidus, Victor Zaslavsky, an...
      Foreign Affairs
      , Winter 1992, pp. 210-212
    8. [+]
      (9 Reviews)
      Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Republics
      1. Science in Russia and the Soviet Union by Loren R. Graham
      2. The End of the Soviet Empire by Helene Carrere d'Encausse
      3. The Paper House by Mark Thompson
      4. Dismantling Communism by Gilbert Rozman
      5. Beyond the Soviet Threat by William Zimmerman
      6. Political Dissent and Opposition in Poland by Robert Zuzowski
      7. Moscow and the Middle East by Galia Golan
      8. Romania in Turmoil by Martyn C. Rady
      9. The Post-Soviet Nations by Alexander J. Motyl
      Foreign Affairs
      , Spring 1993, pp. 178-179
    9. [+]
      (8 Reviews)
      Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Republics
      1. Inside Gorbachev's Kremlin by Yegor K. Ligachev
      2. The Church and the Left by Adam Michnik
      3. The Disintegration of the Monolith by Boris Kagarlitsky
      4. Dilemmas of Independence by Alexander J. Motyl
      5. This I Cannot Forget by Anna Larina Bukharina
      6. Serbs and Croats by Alex N. Dragnich
      7. No Breathing Room by Grigori Medvedev
      8. The Demise of the Soviet Union by G.R. Urban
      Foreign Affairs
      , Summer 1993, pp. 205-207
    10. [+]
      (6 Reviews)
      Eastern Europe and The Former Soviet Republics
      1. The Baltic Revolution by Anatol Lieven
      2. Beria: Stalin's First Lieutenant by Amy Knight
      3. The End of the Communist Revolution by Robert V. Daniels
      4. The Russian Syndrome by Helene Carrere d'Encausse
      5. Figures in a Red Landscape by Pilar Bonet
      6. Russia's Muslim Frontiers by Dale F. Eickelman
      Foreign Affairs
      , November 1993, pp. 173-174
    11. [+]
      (6 Reviews)
      Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Republics
      1. The Fate of Marxism in Russia by Alexander Yakovlev
      2. Free to Hate by Paul Hockenos
      3. Russia 2010 by Daniel Yergin and Thane Gustafson
      4. The Elusive Balance by William Curti Wohlforth
      5. Red Sunset: The Failure of Soviet Politics by Philip G. Roeder
      6. The Walls Came Tumbling Down by Gale Stokes
      Foreign Affairs
      , March 1994, pp. 160-163
    12. [+]
      (5 Reviews)
      Eastern Europe and The Former Soviet Republics
      1. Russia Under the Bolshevik Regime by Richard Pipes
      2. The Rise of Russia and the Fall of the Soviet Empire by John B. Dunlop
      3. The Soviet Tragedy by Martin E. Malia
      4. Russia and the New States of Eurasia by Karen Dawisha and Bruce Parrott
      5. The Soviet Social Contract and Why It Failed by Linda J. Cook
      Foreign Affairs
      , May 1994, pp. 165-166
    13. [+]
      (5 Reviews)
      Eastern Europe and The Former Soviet Republics
      1. Ten Years That Shook the World by Valery Boldin
      2. The Revenge of the Past by Ronald Grigor Suny
      3. Special Tasks by Pavel Sudoplatov, Anatoli Sudoplatov,...
      4. The Unquiet Ghost by Adam Hochschild
      5. Return to Diversity by Joseph Rothschild
      Foreign Affairs
      , July 1994, pp. 174-176
    14. [+]
      (5 Reviews)
      Eastern Europe and The Former Soviet Republics
      1. The Struggle for Russia by Boris Yeltsin
      2. Bosnia: A Short History by Noel Malcolm
      3. The Resurgence of Central Asia by Ahmed Rashid
      4. Ethnic Nationalism by Bogdan Denitch
      5. Behind the Front Lines of the Civil War by Vladimir N. Brovkin
      Foreign Affairs
      , September 1994, pp. 161-163
    15. [+]
      (4 Reviews)
      Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Republics
      1. Pride of Small Nations by Suzanne Goldenberg
      2. Stalin and the Bomb by David Holloway
      3. Comrade Criminal by Stephen Handelman
      4. Hopes and Shadows by J.F. Brown
      Foreign Affairs
      , March 1995, pp. 159-160
    16. [+]
      (5 Reviews)
      Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Republics
      1. Slaughterhouse: Bosnia and the Failure of the West by David Rieff
      2. Bosnia and Hercegovina by Robert J. Donia and John V.A. Fine, Jr.
      3. Secret Empire by J. Michael Waller
      4. The Living and the Dead by Nina Tumarkin
      5. A Long Walk to Church by Nathaniel Davis
      Foreign Affairs
      , May 1995, pp. 181-183
    17. [+]
      (5 Reviews)
      Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Republics
      1. Balkan Tragedy by Susan L. Woodward
      2. How Russia Became a Market Economy by Anders Aslund
      3. Remaking Russia by Heyward Isham
      4. Starting Over in Eastern Europe by Simon Johnson and Gary Loveman
      5. Russia/USSR/Russia by Moshe Lewin
      Foreign Affairs
      , July 1995, pp. 147-149
    18. [+]
      (5 Reviews)
      Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Republics
      1. The Big Five by Aleksandr G. Savelyev and Nikolay N. ...
      2. Zhirinovsky by Vladimir Kartsev and Todd Bludeau
      3. Stalin's Letters to Molotov: 1925-1936 by Lars T. Lih, Oleg V. Naumov, Oleg V. ...
      4. A History of Slovakia by Stanislav J. Kirschbaum
      5. Democracy from Scratch by M. Steven Fish
      Foreign Affairs
      , September 1995, pp. 173-175
    19. [+]
      (5 Reviews)
      Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Republics
      1. Autopsy on an Empire by Jack F. Matlock, Jr.
      2. Final Days by Andrei S. Grachev
      3. The Macedonian Conflict by Loring M. Danforth
      4. Socialist Unemployment by Susan L. Woodward
      5. Black Sea by Neal Ascherson
      Foreign Affairs
      , March 1996, pp. 159-161
    20. [+]
      (5 Reviews)
      Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Republics
      1. Trotsky: The Eternal Revolutionary by Dmitri Volkogonov and Harold Shukman
      2. Waking the Tempests by Eleanor Randolph
      3. Anatomy of a Dictatorship by Mary Fulbrook
      4. Post-Soviet Puzzles by Klaus Segbers and Stephan de Spiegeleire
      5. Modern Tsars and Princes by Jeremy Lester
      Foreign Affairs
      , May 1996, pp. 148-150