UNZ.org - Periodicals, Books, and Authors
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Q: What is UNZ.org?

A: The UNZ.org website is intended to provide convenient access to a large quantity of high-quality content material, mostly published over the last 150 years in America and England, including both articles and books, encompassing over one million readable items and titles of another million items not readable due to copyright. Much of this material has never previously been available anywhere on the Internet and should be useful for researchers and intellectual historians.

Q: Why do you include non-readable articles and books?

A: The inclusion of the copyright-excluded material allows users to examine a more nearly complete collection of a given author's writings, even if many of the particular items themselves are currently unavailable due to copyright. If necessary, many of these other items can often be accessed and read on other websites or content systems, especially in the case of extent publications. Furthermore, there is a chance that at some future point these publications will be released for reading on this website as well.

Q: The website seems very different than when I previously visited. What's the story?

A: The current Version 2.0 release of UNZ.org incorporates major design changes from the previous version, but nearly all of the same underlying printed content is still available. Given the relatively slight use of the previous links to external videos and webzines, these portions have been removed, thereby streamlining access to the printed materials which constitute the main value of the system. Another major change has been the widespread use of Javascript, rendering most of the pages "reactive" as you begin entering information.

Q: How do I find a given author or publication?

A: Most of the main pages of the website contain one or more "Reactive Clouds," with the names of various authors or publications. Javascript functions cause these Clouds to "react" and change the displayed information as you begin typing in the entry boxes. For example, as you enter the first few letters of an author's name on the Home page, the Clouds adjust to display only those authors whose names begin with those letters. Similar adjustments occur as you start typing in a particular decade or year, or if you select one of the drop-down settings or other filter. This allows you to quickly focus in on the individuals you are seeking based on your particular criteria.

At any point, the relative size of the names in a given Cloud indicates the volume of underlying content material associated with that name. Meanwhile, the color indicates what fraction of the content material is readable (for copyright reasons): bright blue indicates mostly readable, dark blue indicates partly readable, and black means mostly unreadable

Q: How do I find a given article or book?

A: The main Articles and Books pages, as well as the Overview tabs for individual authors or publications, display a Listing of articles (or books) towards the bottom of the page. Like the Clouds, these Listings are "reactive" and automatically adjust as you being typing in any of the information in the various data entry fields---Title, Author, Publication, or Period, displaying only those items that match your selection.

Q: What about the individual publications?

A: When you reach the pages associated with a given publication, you can examine the contents in a number of different ways, accessed via the different tabs. The default Overview tab gives you the Cloud of authors for that publication plus the Listing of individual articles, with both of these being "reactive" as you provide information in the Title, Author, or Period fields.

There are also several other tabs. The Tree tab displays a dynamic tree allowing the individual time periods, issues, and articles to be opened for greate detail. The Year Contents tab displays the tables of contents for all the issues of a given year, the Issues, Small Covers, and Large Covers tabs display those views of the contents for a given decade, and the All Years tab provides an overview of the entire archive of the periodical. In addition, the drop down field in the control bar may be used to explore the different periods. All these pages allow for convenient browsing of the contents of a given periodical and clicking on any of the individual links accessing more detailed information.

Q: How does Searching work?

A: As mentioned above, much of the exploration of the website contents is normally performed by browsing the various different pages or entering information into the various text fields and having the displayed information automatically adjust. Actual Searches are performed in a parallel manner, by entering the target information into the data fields and then pressing the Search button (or simply hitting Enter). The system then performs a Search across the selected Text, Title, Author, and other information and displays the findings in a new Search Results tab.

Searches may be performed on any of these individual pages, or on the Power Search page, which allows for more detailed Searches across all content material.
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The Forum Archives
Title Author Period Text
Type? Genre/Topic? Subtitles?
  • The Forum
    Total Archives: 51 Years, 526 Issues, 9,708 Articles, 60,931pp
  • Add to Clipboard
    Decade 1890s
    1. The Forum,
      May 1890 Issue, 11 Articles, 162pp
      Republican Promise and Performance by John G. Carlisle
    2. The Forum,
      January 1891 Issue, 11 Articles, 174pp
      The Division of Africa by Prof. Emile de Laveleye
    3. The Forum,
      February 1891 Issue, 12 Articles, 176pp
      The Vanishing Surplus by Senator John G. Carlisle
    4. The Forum,
      March 1891 Issue, 11 Articles, 114pp
      The Nicaragua Canal by Senator John Sherman
    5. The Forum,
      April 1891 Issue, 11 Articles, 120pp
      What Can We Do for the Poor? by Rev. Dr. W.S. Rainsford
    6. The Forum,
      May 1891 Issue, 12 Articles, 117pp
      State Rights and Foreign Relations by Ex-Sec'y T.F. Bayard
    7. The Forum,
      June 1891 Issue, 14 Articles, 127pp
      Von Moltke and Future Warfare by Col. Theodore A. Dodge
    8. The Forum,
      July 1891 Issue, 12 Articles, 120pp
      The Emperor William II by Prof. F. Heinrich Geffcken
    9. The Forum,
      August 1891 Issue, 12 Articles, 119pp
      Russian Finance: A Bad Investment by Dr. F. Heinrich Geffcken
    10. The Forum,
      September 1891 Issue, 15 Articles, 140pp
      An American Boys' School---What It Should Be by Henry A. Coit
    11. The Forum,
      October 1891 Issue, 15 Articles, 155pp
      An English Estimate of Lowell by F.W. Farrar
    12. The Forum,
      November 1891 Issue, 12 Articles, 126pp
      Dangers to the Peace of Europe by Edward A. Freeman
    13. The Forum,
      December 1891 Issue, 15 Articles, 132pp
      Degradation by Pensions---the Protest of Loyal Volunteers by A.R. Foote
    14. The Forum,
      January 1892 Issue, 16 Articles, 136pp
      Shall the Lottery's Charter be Renewed? by Frank McGloin
    15. The Forum,
      February 1892 Issue, 14 Articles, 132pp
      Perils of our National Elections by George F. Edmunds
    16. The Forum,
      March 1892 Issue, 13 Articles, 144pp
      Political Corruption in Maryland by Charles J. Bonaparte
    17. The Forum,
      April 1892 Issue, 12 Articles, 136pp
      A Review of My Opinions by Edward A. Freeman
    18. The Forum,
      May 1892 Issue, 14 Articles, 128pp
      Free Coinage, the Blight of Our Commerce by Michael D. Harter
    19. The Forum,
      June 1892 Issue, 12 Articles, 132pp
      Democratic Duty and Opportunity by Thomas F. Bayard
    20. The Forum,
      July 1892 Issue, 12 Articles, 132pp
      Necessity for Uniform State Laws by James F. Colby
    21. The Forum,
      August 1892 Issue, 13 Articles, 128pp
      Unparalleled Industrial Progress by Richard H. Edmonds
    22. The Forum,
      September 1892 Issue, 13 Articles, 132pp
      The Alarming Proportion of Venal Voters by J.J. McCook
    23. The Forum,
      October 1892 Issue, 11 Articles, 134pp
      Cholera: The Lesson of Preceding Epidemics by Lewis A. Sayre
    24. The Forum,
      November 1892 Issue, 18 Articles, 144pp
      Municipal Institutions in America and England by Joseph Chamberlain
    25. The Forum,
      December 1892 Issue, 11 Articles, 142pp
      Wherein Popular Education Has Failed by Charles W. Eliot
    26. The Forum,
      January 1893 Issue, 13 Articles, 144pp
      The Crisis in Silver by Henry Hucks Gibbs
    27. The Forum,
      February 1893 Issue, 11 Articles, 124pp
      Tariff Reform: Retrospective and Prospective by David A. Wells
    28. The Forum,
      June 1893 Issue, 13 Articles, 132pp
      Grave Obstacles to Hawaiian Annexation by Thomas M. Cooley
    29. The Forum,
      July 1893 Issue, 14 Articles, 128pp
      The Grand Army as a Pension Agency by Charles McK. Leoser
    30. The Forum,
      August 1893 Issue, 15 Articles, 128pp
      India's Action and the Sherman Law by Horace White
    31. The Forum,
      September 1893 Issue, 11 Articles, 162pp
      A Century's Struggle for Silver by John Bach McMaster
    32. The Forum,
      October 1893 Issue, 14 Articles, 166pp
      Food Waste in American Households by W.O. Atwater
    33. The Forum,
      November 1893 Issue, 14 Articles, 176pp
      Shall the Senate Rule the Republic? by H. Von Holst
    34. The Forum,
      December 1893 Issue, 15 Articles, 204pp
      Are Presidential Appointments for Sale? by William Dudley Foulke
    35. The Forum,
      January 1894 Issue, 15 Articles, 172pp
      The Teaching of Our Recent Economic Experiences by David A. Wells
    36. The Forum,
      February 1894 Issue, 13 Articles, 184pp
      Methods of Relief for the Unemployed by Josephine Shaw Lowell
    37. The Forum,
      March 1894 Issue, 12 Articles, 128pp
      An Income Tax by David A. Wells
      Is it Desirable?
    38. The Forum,
      April 1894 Issue, 13 Articles, 128pp
      Mr. Cleveland's ----Failure? by "An Independent"
    39. The Forum,
      May 1894 Issue, 13 Articles, 128pp
      A Year of Democratic Admininstration by Wm. E. Russell
    40. The Forum,
      June 1894 Issue, 13 Articles, 128pp
      Farmers, Fallacies, and Furrows by J. Sterling Morton
    41. The Forum,
      July 1894 Issue, 11 Articles, 120pp
      The American Protective Association by Frederic R. Coudert
    42. The Forum,
      August 1894 Issue, 12 Articles, 124pp
      Principles Involved in the Recent Strike by D. McG. Means
    43. The Forum,
      September 1894 Issue, 10 Articles, 128pp
      The Lessons of Recent Civil Disorders by Thomas M. Cooley
    44. The Forum,
      October 1894 Issue, 11 Articles, 128pp
      Some Reasons why the American Republican May Endure by C.W. Eliot
    45. The Forum,
      November 1894 Issue, 12 Articles, 128pp
      Political Career and Character of David B. Hill by "Independent"
    46. The Forum,
      December 1894 Issue, 14 Articles, 128pp
      The "Baltimore Plan" of Currency Reform by A.B. Hepburn
    47. The Forum,
      January 1895 Issue, 15 Articles, 128pp
      Are Our Moral Standards Shifting? by Albert B. Hart
    48. The Forum,
      February 1895 Issue, 14 Articles, 124pp
      Should the Government Retire from Banking? by William C. Cornwell
    49. The Forum,
      March 1895 Issue, 12 Articles, 128pp
      The Business World vs. the Politicians by James H. Eckels
    50. The Forum,
      April 1895 Issue, 9 Articles, 128pp
      The Real "Quintessence of Socialism" by W.H. Mallock
    51. The Forum,
      May 1895 Issue, 12 Articles, 128pp
      Bismarck: The Strongest Personality since Napoleon by Theodore Ayrault Dodge
    52. The Forum,
      June 1895 Issue, 14 Articles, 128pp
      The Growth of American Nationality by Francis A. Walker
    53. The Forum,
      July 1895 Issue, 13 Articles, 128pp
      Salutary Results of the Income-Tax Decision by George F. Edmunds
    54. The Forum,
      August 1895 Issue, 11 Articles, 124pp
      The Twentieth Century by Henry B. Brown
    55. The Forum,
      September 1895 Issue, 11 Articles, 128pp
      The Enforcement of Law by Theodore Roosevelt
    56. The Forum,
      October 1895 Issue, 10 Articles, 128pp
      Well-Meant but Futile Endowments: The Remedy by Charles F. Thwing
    57. The Forum,
      November 1895 Issue, 11 Articles, 128pp
      The Third-Term Tradition by John Bach McMaster
    58. The Forum,
      December 1895 Issue, 12 Articles, 128pp
      Conditions for American Commercial and Financial Supremacy by Paul Leroy-Beaulieu
    59. The Forum,
      January 1896 Issue, 11 Articles, 128pp
      Some Suggestions on Currency and Banking by Adolf Ladenburg
    60. The Forum,
      February 1896 Issue, 12 Articles, 125pp
      Some Aspects of Civilization in America by Charles Eliot Norton
    61. The Forum,
      March 1896 Issue, 11 Articles, 128pp
      Family Life in America by Th. Bentzon
    62. The Forum,
      April 1896 Issue, 10 Articles, 128pp
      Deficiency of Revenue the Cause of our Financial Ills by John Sherman
    63. The Forum,
      May 1896 Issue, 11 Articles, 128pp
      The Political Situation by E.L. Godkin
    64. The Forum,
      June 1896 Issue, 12 Articles, 128pp
      Election of Senators by Popular Vote by John H. Mitchell
    65. The Forum,
      July 1896 Issue, 11 Articles, 128pp
      Jefferson and His Party To-Day by William E. Russell
    66. The Forum,
      August 1896 Issue, 14 Articles, 136pp
      The West and the East by Charles S. Gleed
      Mr. Godkin on the West: A Protest
    67. The Forum,
      September 1896 Issue, 9 Articles, 128pp
      The Chicago Convention by Isaac L. Rice
      "Thou Shalt Not Steal"
    68. The Forum,
      October 1896 Issue, 12 Articles, 128pp
      What Free Coinage Means by Benjamin Harrison
      Compulsory Dishonesty
    69. The Forum,
      November 1896 Issue, 13 Articles, 128pp
      "As Maine Goes, so Goes the Union" by Thomas B. Reed
    70. The Forum,
      December 1896 Issue, 11 Articles, 128pp
      How Shall the Child be Taught? by J.M. Rice
      1. Obstacles to Rational Educational Reform
    71. The Forum,
      January 1897 Issue, 12 Articles, 128pp
      Leo XIII by E. Melchior de Vogue
    72. The Forum,
      February 1897 Issue, 12 Articles, 120pp
      Future of the Democratic Organization by David B. Hill
    73. The Forum,
      March 1897 Issue, 12 Articles, 128pp
      Taxation: Its Sum, Justification, and Methods by Perry Belmont
    74. The Forum,
      April 1897 Issue, 12 Articles, 129pp
      Has the Senate Degenerated? by George F. Hoar
    75. The Forum,
      May 1897 Issue, 12 Articles, 128pp
      The Progressive Inheritance Tax by James A. Roberts
    76. The Forum,
      June 1897 Issue, 10 Articles, 130pp
      The Trans-Missouri Decision by George R. Blanchard
    77. The Forum,
      July 1897 Issue, 13 Articles, 128pp
      The Powers and the Graeco-Turkish War by Theodore S. Woolsey
    78. The Forum,
      August 1897 Issue, 10 Articles, 120pp
      A Plea for the Army by O.O. Howard
    79. The Forum,
      September 1897 Issue, 11 Articles, 160pp
      A Plea for the Navy by Hon. H.A. Herbert
    80. The Forum,
      October 1897 Issue, 12 Articles, 160pp
      England, Turkey, and India by Thos. Gibson Bowles, M.P.
    81. The Forum,
      January 1898 Issue, 12 Articles, 164pp
      Our Coastal Defences by Maj.-Gen. Nelson A. Miles
    82. The Forum,
      February 1898 Issue, 10 Articles, 156pp
      Antarctic Exploration and Its Importance by Sir Clements R. Markham, K.C.B.
    83. The Forum,
      March 1898 Issue, 14 Articles, 160pp
      Should the United States Produce Its Sugar? by Hon. James Wilson
    84. The Forum,
      April 1898 Issue, 11 Articles, 160pp
      The Dangerous Demands of the Interstate Commerce Commission by Milton H. Smith
    85. The Forum,
      June 1898 Issue, 12 Articles, 152pp
      Our War with Spain: Its Justice and Necessity by Senator Joseph B. Foraker
    86. The Forum,
      July 1898 Issue, 12 Articles, 150pp
      William Ewart Gladstone by Justin McCarthy, M.P.
    87. The Forum,
      August 1898 Issue, 11 Articles, 148pp
      The Spanish War and the Equalibrium of the World by Brooks Adams
    88. The Forum,
      September 1898 Issue, 12 Articles, 128pp
      The Balloon in Warfare by H. Hergesell
    89. The Forum,
      October 1898 Issue, 14 Articles, 128pp
      England and Russia in the Far East by Geoffrey Drage
    90. The Forum,
      November 1898 Issue, 11 Articles, 128pp
      The Dreyfus Affair by Yves Guyot
    91. The Forum,
      December 1898 Issue, 13 Articles, 128pp
      The Doctrine of Intervention by Charles Denby
    92. The Forum,
      January 1899 Issue, 13 Articles, 128pp
      The Army of the United States by H.C. Corbin
    93. The Forum,
      February 1899 Issue, 12 Articles, 120pp
      Why the Treaty Should be Ratified by Charles Denby
    94. The Forum,
      March 1899 Issue, 13 Articles, 128pp
      The Future of Our Navy by H.C. Taylor
    95. The Forum,
      April 1899 Issue, 11 Articles, 128pp
      The Industrial Development of Russia by Ivan Oseroff
    96. The Forum,
      May 1899 Issue, 12 Articles, 128pp
      Anti-Trust Legislation by Aldace F. Walker
    97. The Forum,
      June 1899 Issue, 12 Articles, 128pp
      Common Schools in the Larger Cities by Andrew S. Draper
    98. The Forum,
      July 1899 Issue, 12 Articles, 128pp
      Lord Rosebery and the Premiership by Henry W. Lucy
    99. The Forum,
      August 1899 Issue, 13 Articles, 120pp
      Tariff Tendencies in Great Britain by T. Gibson Bowles
    100. The Forum,
      September 1899 Issue, 15 Articles, 128pp
      The Conference at The Hage by William T. Stead
    101. The Forum,
      October 1899 Issue, 15 Articles, 128pp
      This Year's Elections: Their Bearing on the Presidential Election by J.C. Burrows
    102. The Forum,
      November 1899 Issue, 13 Articles, 128pp
      How Shall Puerto Rico be Governed? by H.K. Carroll
    103. The Forum,
      December 1899 Issue, 11 Articles, 128pp
      A British View of the Transvaal Question by J. Castell Hopkins